Election petition: Supreme Court throws out Mahama’s third review application

    The Supreme Court of Ghana has dismissed a third review application filed by former President John Mahama, the petitioner in the ongoing election petition, which prayed the court to overturn its own ruling of 16 February 2021, in which it denied Mr Mahama the opportunity to reopen his case.

    “The application under review was dismissed because it was not based on known law or rules of practice. We dismiss the instant application and we hold it without merit”, Chief Justice ANin Yeboah read out in court on Monday, 22 February 2021.


    Prior to Monday’s ruling, Mr Tsatsu Tsikata, the lead counsel for Mr Mahama, had argued that the court “prejudiced” its “fair exercise of discretion” in denying his client the opportunity to reopen his case in the earlier ruling.

    The ordinary court, on Tuesday, 16 February 2021, ruled unanimously that “a mere filing of a witness statement is not an election to testify”.

    Chief Justice Anin Yeboah read: “As we’ve already indicated in this ruling supra, the petitioner in this application has not given us an inkling of the new or fresh evidence he wants to bring to the fore through the Chairperson of the first respondent and how that evidence could assist the court to do justice to the matters under consideration in this petition. Neither has he disclosed how that evidence will advance the cause of his petition.

    “For the above-stated reasons, we find no merit or favour in the petitioner’s application to reopen his case for the sole purpose of compelling his adversaries’ intended witness to testify through a subpoena without indicating the sort of evidence he intends to solicit from the said witness and how that evidence is going to help the court in resolving the dispute before us. We accordingly refuse the application and proceed without any hesitation to dismiss it”, the ruling said.

    However, Mr Mahama, in his review application filed by his lawyers, said the court committed errors in law in its ruling.

    “I am advised by counsel and verily believe the court made fundamental errors of law including the ruling being per incuriam of constitutional provisions, statutes and previous decisions of the Supreme Court”, parts of the application said.

    “Among these errors, I am advised by counsel and verily believe is an error whereby the courts subordinates a provision in the Evidence Act to a rule in subsidiary legislation by the Rules of Court Committee,” he noted.

    According to him, “the fundamental errors, which have occasioned a miscarriage of justice are set out in the statement of case herewith attached”.

    “I am advised and verily believe that they constitute exceptional circumstances that warrant the court reviewing its own decision”, he argued.

    Pressing the petitioner’s arguments in court on Monday, Mr Tsikata explained that “the fundamental errors consist of sidelining legislation in favour of subsidiary legislation and, in relation to ground C, sidelining it in favour of subsidiary legislation which is irrelevant to the issues”.

    With ground D, he said “our submission is that, here again, the court made no reference whatsoever to Order 38 Rule 10 of CI47 nor indeed, section 58 of the Court Act”.

    When asked by one of the Lady Justices what he meant when he announced that he had closed his case, Mr Tsikata answered: “Nothing less, nothing more and when we announced that we are seeking to open our case, I mean exactly that; nothing more, nothing less”.

    After a repeat of that question by the same Justice, Mr Tsikata retorted: “I really don’t understand what more Your Ladyship wants by way of an answer. We meant that we had closed our case and subsequently, we sought leave to reopen our case. Your Ladyship cannot say that we are not able, under the rules, under your inherent jurisdiction, to ask for your leave to reopen the case. I don’t believe that that is the suggestion that Your Ladyship is making”.

    The Justice replied:  “I don’t think I’ve said any such thing”, explaining: “I just wanted to understand what you meant when you said you had closed your case and I’m satisfied with your answer, sir”.

    Mr Tsikata continued: “Very simply put, what we are saying is that, that ruling is completely unreasonable”.

    He continued: “We are saying, respectfully that Your Lordships, in the exercise of your discretionary powers, unfortunately, failed to avert your minds to relevant statutes, introduced irrelevant considerations which prejudiced a fair exercise of discretion, as required by article 296 of the Constitution”, adding: “It is our submission that holding the first respondent and particularly the Chairperson accountable for the exercise of counts conferred by the Constitution and statute, justify the circumstances of this case that that Chairperson be called upon to testify using the time-tested subpoena procedure that we seek to invoke in this case”.

    He then said: “May each of Your Lordships decide in accordance with your conscience and your judicial oath”.

    “Ultimately, and even more profoundly”, Mr Tsikata noted, “it is for the Chairpersons of the first respondent to come forward to testify as she indicated on oath she will do”.

    “I conclude with prophetic words that were spoken centuries ago: ‘For they have sown the wind and shall reap the whirlwind’. These are the words of the Prophet Hosea to be found in Hosea 8:7. He that has an ear, let him hear”, he said in open court.

    Opposing the application, Mr Justin Amenuvor, lead counsel for the Electoral Commission, said the standard set for a review had not been met by the petitioner.

    “My Lords, with the greatest respect, the grounds are basically an academic treatise of alleged erroneous pronouncements made by Your Lordships’ panel of seven. Indeed, if we want to give some credit to the grounds, they are, at best, additional grounds that have been filed without leave of your court in terms of an appeal but they do not seem grounds for review for which my Lords should grant this application”, he argued.

    He said the petitioners, contrary to their claim that the court has hard done them, they have had a fair hearing even though, in his view, they have rather gone about the case in a “piecemeal” fashion, insisting: “He [Mr Mahama] has been given a fair trial in the way the case has been conducted”.

    “It is my submission, therefore, that the petitioner was given every opportunity; he was fairly heard in this proceedings and what has been filed, review number three is an abuse of the court processes and the application ought to be dismissed in limine”, he prayed the Bench.

    Joining the opposition to the application was Mr Akoto Ampaw, lead counsel for President Nana Akufo-Addo, the second respondent.

    He said: “My Lords, our first submission is that this application woefully fails to satisfy the conditions for the grant of a review application, as in our view, it does not demonstrate any fundamental error committed by the court, which has occasioned the petitioner a miscarriage of justice and on that ground alone, this application ought to be dismissed summarily”.


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